Alessandro Mazzucotelli (1865 – 1938)

Iron Craftsman, is best known for wrought iron in Art Nouveau buildings that enrich the many important architects of the early twentieth century.

By Italia Liberty

Detail of the Gladioli gate (1906) by Alessandro MazzucotelliItalia Liberty

He was born in Lodi in 1865. As the family did not have the means to finance his studies, Mazzucotelli moved to Milan to work as a blacksmith apprentice in the Defendente Oriani workshop.

The wrought iron by Alessandro Mazzucotelli The wrought iron by Alessandro Mazzucotelli (1900) by Alessandro MazzucotelliItalia Liberty

Flower vase with dragons (1915) by Alessandro MazzucotelliItalia Liberty

He immediately dedicated himself to the ornamental aspect of iron - he called himself an "ornamental blacksmith" - and his qualities made him valuable contacts with important artists and architects of his time.

The wrought iron by Alessandro Mazzucotelli The wrought iron by Alessandro Mazzucotelli (1900) by Alessandro MazzucotelliItalia Liberty

During trips to Rome and Florence, Mazzucotelli knew some prominent personalities including Alfredo Campanini, Ulisse Stacchini, Ernesto Pirovano and Giuseppe Sommaruga realizing for them wrought iron

The wrought iron by Alessandro Mazzucotelli The wrought iron by Alessandro Mazzucotelli (1900) by Alessandro MazzucotelliItalia Liberty

The very personal imprint of Mazzucotelli's creations often resulted in added value for the architecture itself - exemplary is the case of the balconies of Casa Ferrario in Milan.

The wrought iron by Alessandro Mazzucotelli The wrought iron by Alessandro Mazzucotelli (1900) by Alessandro MazzucotelliItalia Liberty

Between 1903 and 1904 he traveled to Europe in order to deepen his knowledge of artists such as Henry Van de Velde and William Morris.

The wrought iron by Alessandro Mazzucotelli The wrought iron by Alessandro Mazzucotelli (1900) by Alessandro MazzucotelliItalia Liberty

the experience abroad had a profound influence on the style of Mazzucotelli, who on the way back detached himself from floral fantasies in favor of increasingly abstract motifs.

The wrought iron by Alessandro Mazzucotelli The wrought iron by Alessandro Mazzucotelli (1900) by Alessandro MazzucotelliItalia Liberty

From 1909 Mazzucotelli opened a new company headquarters in the Bicocca area of Milan, and from here took charge of numerous realizations for the residential projects then under construction in the city.

The wrought iron by Alessandro Mazzucotelli The wrought iron by Alessandro Mazzucotelli (1900) by Alessandro MazzucotelliItalia Liberty

In 1906 Mazzucotelli had already worked on the wrought iron for Casa Campanini (arch. A. Campanini, via Vincenzo Bellini, Milan).

The wrought iron by Alessandro Mazzucotelli The wrought iron by Alessandro Mazzucotelli (1900) by Alessandro MazzucotelliItalia Liberty

In the following years he contributed to the projects for Faccanoni-Romeo villa, Tensi house, Berri Mergalli palace. Commissions also arrived in Buenos Aires, Mexico City and Bangkok

The wrought iron by Alessandro Mazzucotelli The wrought iron by Alessandro Mazzucotelli (1900) by Alessandro MazzucotelliItalia Liberty

After the war, with the decline of the Liberty style, collaborations with architects failed, but Mazzucotelli did not suffer too much from the change.

The wrought iron by Alessandro Mazzucotelli The wrought iron by Alessandro Mazzucotelli (1900) by Alessandro MazzucotelliItalia Liberty

His celebrity is exemplified by the commission for some of the decorations of the Vittoriale of Gardone Rivera by Gabriele D’Annunzio (1925).

The wrought iron by Alessandro Mazzucotelli The wrought iron by Alessandro Mazzucotelli (1900) by Alessandro MazzucotelliItalia Liberty

From a stylistic point of view, the historicist and classical themes of the second half of the Ten reflect the changed cultural climate in Italy and the ascending nationalist tendencies of the country

The wrought iron by Alessandro Mazzucotelli The wrought iron by Alessandro Mazzucotelli (1900) by Alessandro MazzucotelliItalia Liberty

In the 1920s, the shop veered back towards a graphic style with Art Deco reminiscences.

The wrought iron by Alessandro Mazzucotelli The wrought iron by Alessandro Mazzucotelli (1900) by Alessandro MazzucotelliItalia Liberty

Mazzucotelli also remained active outside the workshop with the foundation of the University of Decorative Arts (Villa Reale, Monza, 1922).

The wrought iron by Alessandro Mazzucotelli The wrought iron by Alessandro Mazzucotelli (1900) by Alessandro MazzucotelliItalia Liberty

He also participated in numerous national and international exhibitions including Exposition Universelle et Internationale in Brussels (1910);

The wrought iron by Alessandro Mazzucotelli The wrought iron by Alessandro Mazzucotelli (1900) by Alessandro MazzucotelliItalia Liberty

the Exposition Internationale Des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes (Paris, 1925) and the II and III Biennale di Monza (1925 and 1927). He died in Milan in 1938.

The wrought iron by Alessandro Mazzucotelli The wrought iron by Alessandro Mazzucotelli (1900) by Alessandro MazzucotelliItalia Liberty

The wrought iron by Alessandro Mazzucotelli The wrought iron by Alessandro Mazzucotelli (1900) by Alessandro MazzucotelliItalia Liberty

The wrought iron by Alessandro Mazzucotelli The wrought iron by Alessandro Mazzucotelli (1900) by Alessandro MazzucotelliItalia Liberty

The wrought iron by Alessandro Mazzucotelli The wrought iron by Alessandro Mazzucotelli (1900) by Alessandro MazzucotelliItalia Liberty

The wrought iron by Alessandro Mazzucotelli The wrought iron by Alessandro Mazzucotelli (1900) by Alessandro MazzucotelliItalia Liberty

Credits: Story

The national association Italia Liberty thanks the Pozza-Breganze art collection for the images and Federica Mentasi for the texts.

Photo © Andrea Speziale, Artifact with dragons.

Suggested Bibliography:
"Giuseppe Sommaruga (1867-1917). A protagonist of Liberty" (edited by Andrea Speziale), Cartacanta, Forlì 2017.

Credits: All media
The story featured may in some cases have been created by an independent third party and may not always represent the views of the institutions, listed below, who have supplied the content.
Google apps