Gribanovsky Nikolay Nikolaevich

The exhibition is dedicated to one of the outstanding bibliographers of local historians of Russia and public figures of Yakutia in the first half of the twentieth century.

By National Library of Republic Sakha (Yakutia)

Personal sheet for personnel accounting Personal sheet for personnel accountingNational Library of Republic Sakha (Yakutia)

Nikolai Nikolaevich Gribanovsky was born on September 5, 1880 in Okhotsk, Primorsky Region (now Khabarovsk Territory) in the family of a doctor. After graduating from the 5 classes of the Yakut Real School, he began to work.

Autobiography (1938) by Gribanovsky Nikolay NikolaevichNational Library of Republic Sakha (Yakutia)

1898-1909 - served in the Yakutsk Treasury and Yakutsk Regional Administration, worked in the editorial office of the newspaper "Yakutsk thought";
1904-1909 - Head of the library of employees of the Yakutsk regional administration;
1909-1910 - worked in the trade enterprise "Strelov and K °";
1910-1911 - served in the government chamber (Irkutsk);
1911-1918 - served in the office of the Yakutsk District Court;
1914 - organized the scientific library of the Yakut department of the Russian Geographical Imperial Society (RGIS);
1915-1917 - Head of the Yakutsk Regional Museum of Local History;
1918-1919 - Senior Clerk of the Yakutsk Regional Administration;
1920-1923 - accountant-statistics of the fur department of the Yakut Union "Kholbos";
1924 - secretary of the Yakutsk urban consumer society;
1925 - researcher at the People's Commissariat of Education, worked on the index "Bibliography of Yakutia";
1925-1933 - Cooperated in the Sakha Keskile research society, took part in complex expeditions of the USSR Academy of Sciences to study the Yakut ASSR.
1928-1929 - Director of the Yakutian Republican Library;
1933-1937 - bibliographer of the Yakut publishing house;
1938-1939 - Senior Bibliographer of the Yakutian State Central Library;
1939-1942 - Bibliographer of the Library of the USSR Academy of Sciences in Leningrad.

Family Gribanovsky in a circle of friends (1904) by Unknown authorNational Library of Republic Sakha (Yakutia)

Father Nikolai Mikhailovich Gribanovsky (1851-1886) in 1876 graduated from the full course of the Kazan Imperial University and, by order of the Medical Department, he was appointed district doctor in Yakutsk. He’s one of the organizers of health care in the city of Yakutsk of the Yakut province and in the city of Okhotsk, Primorsky region of the second half of the 19th century.
Mother Maria Nikolaevna Solovyova is the daughter of a Kolyma merchant, a housewife. Sister Evdokia was born in September 1881
Married N.N. Gribanovsky in 1904 to the daughter of collegiate councilor Alexander Nikolaevna Moskvina. They had five children.

The building of the Yakutsk City Public Library and the Yakutsk Regional Museum in 1911 (2018)National Library of Republic Sakha (Yakutia)

N.N. Gribanovsky is known as one of the organizers of library and museum affairs, an active member of the Society for the Study of Siberia and the Improvement of Life (1908-1913), Yakutian department of Imperial Russian Geographical Society (1913-1922), Yakutsk Regional Society (1922-1924), Yakutian department of Russian Geographical Society (1924-1930), the research society "Sakha keskile" (1925-1930), the Society for the Study of the YASSR (1930-1937). He was also a member of the Yakut expedition of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1925-1930), a researcher of section at the Council for Study of Productive Forces of the USSR Academy of Sciences (1930-1934), a freelance member of the SOPS (1935-1942) and a member of the Leningrad Bureau of the Scientific Section of the USSR Academy of Sciences (1935-1942).

News of the Yakut department of the Imperial Russian Geographical Society (1915)National Library of Republic Sakha (Yakutia)

Gribanovsky began collecting material from the local bibliography in 1909.
The first publication of his works: "Materials of the bibliography of the Yakutsk region for 1914 and 1915," was published in the "Proceedings of the Yakut Division of Geographical Society" in 1915.

Report of the Yakutsk State National Library for 1928-192 (1930)National Library of Republic Sakha (Yakutia)

The first serious application for laying the foundation for the research work of the National Library in the field of library science and bibliography was the “Report of the Yakutsk State National Library for 1928-1929”, published in 1930 under the editorship and with the preface of Academician V. L. Komarov in one of editions of the "Materials of the Commission for the Study of the Yakut Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic" in Leningrad.

The Yakut Autonomous (1929)National Library of Republic Sakha (Yakutia)

Head of the library began to publish their collected materials in the newspaper "Autonomous Yakutia" under the title "Materials for the bibliography of Yakutia."

Gribanovsky N. N. near the card file Gribanovsky N. N. near the card fileNational Library of Republic Sakha (Yakutia)

On March 3, 1926, a decision was issued by the Council of People's Commissars of the Yakoslavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, according to which N.N. Gribanovsky was given a trip to the city of Leningrad for a period of 1 year to carry out scientific work and publish his works on the bibliography of Yakutia.
With a petition for the Commission for the Study of the YASSR at the Academy of Sciences of the USSR by the Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of the YASSR M.K. Ammosov August 20, he went to Leningrad.
The card file, compiled during the trip, was preserved completely in the Library of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. As he wrote in 1963, K.I. Shafranovsky, it contained at least 40 thousand annotated bibliographic records.

Card file of Gribanovsky N. N. (1909/1942) by Unknown authorNational Library of Republic Sakha (Yakutia)

The "Bibliography of Yakutia" compiled by N.N. Gribanovsky gives a comprehensive overview of all printed materials from special monographs to individual journal articles and small newspaper notes for the period from 1742-1931.
Considering the bibliography of Yakutia as necessary for the study of Yakutia, the Council of People's Commissars asked the Commission on the study of the YASSR at the USSR Academy of Sciences to assist in the compilation and printing of Gribanovsky's work at his own expense. Thanks to the petition, the work was officially recognized as one of the directions for the study of the productive forces of Yakutia.
To work on the preparation for printing of the "Bibliography of Yakutia", a group of employees of the Library of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (BAN) was formed. It was proposed to be the first to publish sections of literature that were especially interesting for the Council for the Study of Productive Forces of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR .

Bibliography of Yakutia. Part 1: Natural resources and population of the Yakutia region (1932) by Gribanovsky Nikolay NikolaevichNational Library of Republic Sakha (Yakutia)

Part 1: Natural Resources and Population of the Yakut Territory "Bibliography of Yakutia" dedicated to the tenth anniversary of the Yakut Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was signed for publication on June 25, 1932 and published in one of the series of works of the Council of the Soviet Academy of Sciences. The design of the index was attended by K. I. Shafranovsky and V. V. Ouspensky, edited by L. V. Bulgakova.

Bibliography of Yakutia. Part 2: Economy. Economic situation, economic policy, agriculture of Yakutia (1934) by Gribanovsky Nikolay NikolaevichNational Library of Republic Sakha (Yakutia)

The second edition of the "Bibliographic index" consists of two parts.
The first part "The economic situation, economic policy, agriculture of Yakutia" shows the development of the socialist economy of the Yakut Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic.

Bibliography of Yakutia. Part 2: Economy. Industry, transport, communications, trade, cooperation, finance (1935) by Gribanovsky Nikolay NikolaevichNational Library of Republic Sakha (Yakutia)

The second part: "Industry, transport, communications economy, trade, cooperation, finance" the last lifetime edition of N.N. Gribanovsky.
Published by order of the USSR Academy of Sciences in August 1935

Bibliography of Yakutia. Part 3: Popular education (1965) by Gribanovsky Nikolay NikolaevichNational Library of Republic Sakha (Yakutia)

The third part of the “Public Education” index, which by 1940 was fully prepared for printing by the staff of the scientific and bibliographic department of the Library of Science Academy USSR due to financial difficulties and the political situation in the country was delayed for many years.
Only in 1965, after obtaining the right to publish subsequent parts of the Yakut Republican Library named after A.S. Pushkin (director Z.T. Tyungyuryadov), the third part of the index "Public Education" was finalized, prepared for printing and published by the Yakut publishing house.

Bibliography of Yakutia. Part 4: Health (1995) by Gribanovsky Nikolay NikolaevichNational Library of Republic Sakha (Yakutia)

After the release of the third part, the work on the "Bibliography of Yakutia" was suspended and resumed in 1990. Of the unpublished parts, the fourth part turned out to be the most prepared for publication and published in 1995.

Bibliography of Yakutia. Ethnography. Anthropology. Folklore. Religious beliefs. Christian church and missionary (2006) by Gribanovsky Nikolay NikolaevichNational Library of Republic Sakha (Yakutia)

Subsequent issues were released thanks to the advisory and practical assistance of the staff of the Russian National Library (NLR) A. N. Maslova and L. S. Nikolaeva.
5th part: “Ethnography. Anthropology. Folklore. Religious beliefs. Christian Church and Missionary ”(2006).

Bibliography of Yakutia. Archeology. History (2008) by Gribanovsky Nikolay NikolaevichNational Library of Republic Sakha (Yakutia)

6th part “Archeology. History”(2008). The book is a kind of "calling card" of historical and bibliographic information about the most important periods of Yakutia of the XVII century to 1931.

Bibliography of Yakutia. Linguistics. Fiction. Art. Physical culture and sport. The seal. Publishing (2011) by Gribanovsky Nikolay NikolaevichNational Library of Republic Sakha (Yakutia)

7th part “Linguistics. Fiction. Art. Physical education and sport. The seal. Publishing” (2011).
30 years of his life Gribanovsky gave the compilation of his main work "Bibliography of Yakutia", covering the period of the history of the Yakutia region from 1630-1931.
The work of Gribanovsky was one of the first major publications of local lore bibliography in the Soviet years.

N. G. Chernyshevsky in Vilyui exile (1947) by Gribanovsky Nikolay NikolaevichNational Library of Republic Sakha (Yakutia)

N. N. Gribanovsky prepared over 10 thematic and bibliographic indexes. Only one was published: “N.G. Chernyshevsky in the Vilyui exile”.
In the National Library of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) there are manuscripts of unpublished indexes:
- about the first professional revolutionary from the working class environment P. A. Alekseev;
- about the revolutionary and folklorist I. A. Khudyakov;
- about the national hero of Yakutia V. F. Manchaary;
- Monastyrevtsy; Romanovtsy; Yakutsk burg

Periodical press of Yakutia (1887-1930): bibliography. Part 1, Issue 1. Newspapers, magazines (1993) by Gribanovsky Nikolay NikolaevichNational Library of Republic Sakha (Yakutia)

The bibliographic index "Periodical press of Yakutia" is published in 2 parts: part 1 - newspapers and part 2 - magazines.
The first issue of the first part of the index covers the period from 1887, the year when the «Yakutia Diocesan Gazette» was published to 1930, and reflects information not only about newspapers, but also magazines.

The first bibliographer of Yakutia N. N. Gribanovsky (1980) by Составитель Д.В. КустуровNational Library of Republic Sakha (Yakutia)

The index is dedicated to N. N. Gribanovsky, a well-known bibliographer, local historian, one of the organizers of library and museum affairs in Yakutia, the author of the monumental and long-term work “Bibliography of Yakutia”. The publication presents: the biography of the scientist, a bibliography of works, literature about him and his activities.

Michael Z. Vinokouroff (1947) by Unknown authorNational Library of Republic Sakha (Yakutia)

Mikhail Zinovievich Vinokurov, a native of Yakutia (1894-1983), a well-known bibliophile and bibliographer of the Library of Congress (1921-1954), in the early twentieth century in Yakutsk held N. N. Gribanovsky’s practical school of bibliographer.

Nikolai Nikolaevich Gribanovsky (1880-1942) (2005) by Pavlova Valentina NikolaevnaNational Library of Republic Sakha (Yakutia)

In the monograph of Valentina Nikolaevna Pavlova, many previously unknown archival documents on the activities of N.N. Gribanovsky.

Portrait N.N. Gribanovsky (2019) by Handy-Struchkova Lyudmila VladimirovnaNational Library of Republic Sakha (Yakutia)

If real work serves as a guide for students of the Yakutia region and illuminates its cultural achievements, I will be happy with the knowledge that I have fulfilled my duty to the peoples of the Yakut ASSR.
N. N. Gribanovsky

Credits: Story

Maksimova Sargylana,
Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor, Director of the National Library of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)

Alexey Ivanov,
author and curator of the project «Culture of Yakutia in the world space» (inclusion of regional cultural of institutions of Yakutia into the project Google Cultural Institute), initiator of support for the Yakut language and languages of indigenous peoples in machine translators, research fellow of the National Library of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)

Lyudmila Khandy-Struchkova,
chief librarian of the Scientific Research Center for Book Monuments of the National Library of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)

Exhibition of 2019

Credits: All media
The story featured may in some cases have been created by an independent third party and may not always represent the views of the institutions, listed below, who have supplied the content.
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