National Museum of the Republic

The place to go to find art in the heart of Brasília

By Frank ScherschelLIFE Photo Collection

From plan to reality

The museum was part of urbanist Lúcio Costa plan for the city as early as the late 1950s. And it was up to his friend, Oscar Niemeyer, to bring to life the structure that would feature the city's art collection.

Center stage

The National Museum of the Republic can be found right in the heart of the city, occupying a place next to another Niemeyer landmark, the city's Cathedral.

The structure was built entirely in concrete, painted externally in characteristically Niemeyer white, with ramps that give access into the main floors of the building.

Step inside

Niemeyer's design is of a semi-sphere, with an area of 15,000 m². The upper floor has an enormous free span where the art exhibitions can be mounted.

Light shining from the main chandelier hanging right in the center of the semi-sphere illuminates indirectly the artworks on exhibition.

Outside, three water mirrors frame the exterior of the building in the square, where it is also possible to host different cultural events.

Persefone, Roberto Burle Marx, From the collection of: Museu Nacional da República
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Sem título, Carybé, 1970, From the collection of: Museu Nacional da República
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Porto de Santos, Francisco Calixto, From the collection of: Museu Nacional da República
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Explore more artworks by Brazilian artists from the Modernists to contemporary names in the museum's collection or go deeper into Brasília's art page.

Credits: All media
The story featured may in some cases have been created by an independent third party and may not always represent the views of the institutions, listed below, who have supplied the content.
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