Epidemic Archives: Medical Institutions

Learn about the memory of epidemics and pandemics in national history through the documents that the State Archives, Private and National Institutions safeguard.

By Archivo General de la Nación - México

Fotografía aérea (1968) by Fundación ICA (FICA)Archivo General de la Nación - México

Historical Archive of the ICA Foundation 

Virology Laboratories of the Ministry of Health, monitors viral diseases preventable by vaccination and other viral diseases of relevance to public health. It is made up of seven laboratories: Arbovirus and Hemorrhagic Viruses, Exanthemic Febrile Diseases, Poliovirus,  Rabies, Gastrointestinal Viruses, Respiratory Viruses and Sero-surveys. Cuauhtémoc Mayor's Office is located in Colonia Juárez.   

Fotografía aérea by Fundación ICA (FICA)Archivo General de la Nación - México

President Lázaro Cárdenas specified the necessary measures to deal with tuberculosis through the construction of the Huipulco Sanatorium for Tuberculosis Patients. The design was in charge of the Architect José Villagrán and its construction was planned in a place very far far from the city in order to avoid the spread of the disease in the population. In this way, it was decided to erect it on an extensive land located between the plains of the then town of San Lorenzo Huipulco in the current Mayor's Office of Tlalpan. Its inauguration was at the beginning of the year 1936. In this medical pavilion the first generations of tisiologists of the country were trained under the direction of the medical masters of that time, giving rise to the most important area of ​​specialized hospitals south of the City of Mexico. 

Fotografía aérea (1967) by Fundación ICA (FICA)Archivo General de la Nación - México

The Siglo XXI National Medical Center is a hospital complex located in the Doctores neighborhood of Mexico City. It was created in 1951 and is administered by the Mexican Institute of Social Security. It is part of a conglomerate of health buildings made up of the General Hospital of Mexico (administered by the Ministry of Health) and the “Federico Gómez” Children's Hospital, both adjacent to the Medical Center. On November 25, 1994, the facilities of the National Center for Documentary Health Research (CENAIDS) were inaugurated. Its function is to store documents related to public health issues for their safekeeping and use in teaching and research. It is the most important documentary research center of the IMSS and has one of the most important biomedical collections in Latin America, made up of more than  320,000 fascicles, 1,420 titles of medical publications and more than 10,000 books, in addition to multiple theses and monographs.  

Fotografía aérea by Fundación ICA (FICA)Archivo General de la Nación - México

The streets of Pino Suárez and República del Salvador in the heart of the Historic Center of Mexico City was the place where Hernán Cortés and Moctezuma II met for the first time in 1519. It is there where, by orders of the conqueror, a hospital was built to attend to the Spanish soldiers wounded during the fight against the Mexica people. At that time, it was called Hospital de la Purísima Concepción y Jesús Nazareno (also Hospital de Jesús Nazareno or simply Hospital de Jesús). The hospital is the oldest on the continent and one of the oldest buildings in the city, it began operations in 1524. Pedro Vázquez was responsible for the design of the building, a hospital that Hernán Cortés could never see finished, as he died in 1547 before its culmination. For approximately 130 years, the most renowned architects and engineers of New Spain participated in the project. The building today continues its function as a hospital. The church and hospital remained intact until 1934 when, due to the expansion of Avenida 20 de Noviembre, the hospital's board of trustees erected a  five-story building, the work of the architect José Villagrán, who ended up devouring the colonial construction, although they were preserved the original patios of the hospital. 

Fotografía aérea (1968) by Fundación ICA (FICA)Archivo General de la Nación - México

The opening of the Hospital de Infectología “Dr. Daniel Méndez Hernández ”of the La Raza National Medical Center, on March 4, 1954, represented an opportunity to generate knowledge about infectious diseases, through his historical experience with the typhoid fever outbreaks in  1972, of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in 1985, chronic hepatitis type C and the current threat of COVID-19. One of the pioneers of infectology in Mexico was Dr. Daniel Méndez Hernández, the first director of the Hospital, who with his fruitful care and teaching activity perceived the need to make infectology one of the specialties of Mexican medicine. This Hospital is unique in its kind within the Institute because it is dedicated 100 percent to the management of infectious-contagious diseases, which gives the guarantee that its  staff is highly trained to face the challenges that the current COVID-19 pandemic is representing.  

Medalla otorgada por la Cruz Roja a la señora Weinstock (1950)Archivo General de la Nación - México

  Jewish Documentation and Research Center of Mexico A.C.

The Women's Section of the Israelite Central Committee of Mexico, founded in 1941, dedicated itself to charitable work, not only within the Jewish community, but also in Mexican society, forming part of the International Section of the  Cruz Roja Mexicana. 

Medalla otorgada por la Cruz Roja a la señora Weinstock (1950)Archivo General de la Nación - México

Over the years and in order to continue working for and for Mexico, they decided to change their name, establishing themselves as Consejo Mexicano de Mujeres Israelitas A.C. on September 5, 1962. 

Diploma de la Cruz Roja Mexicana al Consejo Mexicano de Mujeres Israelitas (1984)Archivo General de la Nación - México

"They kept as a focal point the reinforcement of integration into Mexico and social assistance to both Jews and Mexicans, which was increasingly done through fund-raising, dinners, toasts and fashion shows." 

Medalla otorgada por la Cruz Roja a la señora Weinstock (1950)Archivo General de la Nación - México

Currently they contribute to the annual collection of the  Cruz Roja Mexicana, collecting clothes, food, also participating in blood donation campaigns. 

Edificio de la Secretaría de Salubridad y Asistencia (1928) by Guillermo KahloArchivo General de la Nación - México

National Institute of Fine Arts and Literature 

Guillermo Kahlo photographed the old building of the Ministry of Health and Assistance during its construction stage in 1928. This work was projected and built by the architect Carlos Obregón Santacilia between 1926 and 1929. The design of the spaces of the Ministry of Health  responded to the needs of the time by proposing specialized architectural programs for administration, research and medical practice. This building, an emblem of public health institutions, located in the Juárez neighborhood of Mexico City, was declared an artistic  monument  on April 2, 1993.   

Médico y paciente en uno de los consultorios del hospital de FNM en San Luis Potosí (1950)Archivo General de la Nación - México

National Center for the Preservation of Cultural Heritage

Medical care for rail workers has social, economic, labor and union importance, since it was one of the first medical services that were provided in the country to an organized group of salaried workers, who not only provided medical care in cases of accidents. of work, but  also in cases of general illness, whose operation operated through the integration into a medical-hospital network in the country by the public company Ferrocarriles Nacionales de México (FNM).     

Campañas de vacunación contra la difteria, tosferina y tétanos (1962) by AnonymousArchivo General de la Nación - México

CONAGUA Historical Archive 

The Papaloapan Commission was a public body created by the Secretariat of Hydraulic Resources, one of the institutions that preceded CONAGUA, which from 1947 to 1986 carried out studies and projects, hydraulic works against floods. One of the objectives was to reverse the health lag in indigenous communities of the basin by implementing campaigns to eradicate endemic diseases such as malaria or malaria, intestinal parasites, water-borne diseases and onchocerciasis, in addition to vaccination campaigns against diphtheria. whooping cough and tetanus.  

Fotografía de médico pasante (1970)Archivo General de la Nación - México

  Military Medical School. Commission for Historical Studie

Photographic record of the moment when five children give their fecal samples to three cadets of the “Coreán” Mission; the positive one belongs to the album "Operation of Friendship (Korean)" in which the final practices corresponding to the 1969-1970 School Program of the Military Health Officers were made. The document has the following mechanically written note on the front: "Children from primary schools on the outskirts of Durango bring their fecal samples to examination posts."    

50 aniversario del ISSSTE. (2010)Archivo General de la Nación - México

Mexican Postal Service - Postal and Philatelic Museum 

Mexico has issued various stamps related to public health issues, including those related to malaria, polio, HIV (AIDS) and tuberculosis, to name just a few. Likewise, as many commemorative events have been issued for the creation of health centers.  

Campaña contra el paludismo. (1939)Archivo General de la Nación - México

Campaign Against Malaria, 1939.  

Campaña contra el paludismo. (1939)Archivo General de la Nación - México

Campaign Against Malaria, 1939. 

Día mundial de la salud. Centenario del descubrimiento del bacilo de la tuberculosis (1982)Archivo General de la Nación - México

World Health Day. Centenary of the discovery of the tuberculosis bacillus, 1982. 

Campaña mundial contra la poliomielitis, ONU –UPU. (1984)Archivo General de la Nación - México

World Campaign Against Polio, UN –UPU, 1984. 

Día mundial de la salud. (1986)Archivo General de la Nación - México

World health day, 1986. 

Día mundial de la salud. (1987)Archivo General de la Nación - México

World health day, 1987. 

Días nacionales de vacunación antipoliomielítica (1987)Archivo General de la Nación - México

National Polio Vaccination Days, 1987.  

Día mundial de la salud, la inmunización infantil. (1988)Archivo General de la Nación - México

World health day, childhood immunization, 1988. 

50 años del comité nacional de lucha contra la tuberculosis. (1989)Archivo General de la Nación - México

50 years of the national committee to combat tuberculosis, 1989. 

Día mundial de la salud, jornada mundial contra el SIDA (1989)Archivo General de la Nación - México

World Health Day, World AIDS Day, 1989. 

Centenario del Hospital General de México. (2005)Archivo General de la Nación - México

Centennial of the General Hospital of Mexico, 2005. 

100 años de la Cruz Roja Mexicana (2010)Archivo General de la Nación - México

100 years of the Mexican Red Cross, 2010. 

75 Aniversario de la Secretaría de Salud. (2018)Archivo General de la Nación - México

75th Anniversary of the Ministry of Health, 2018. 

Credits: Story

Archivo Histórico de Fundacion ICA: -Laboratorios de Virología de la Secretaría de Salud, 1963,Fondo Aerofotográfico Oblicuas, FAO_01_017924, Acervo Histórico Fundación ICA. 
-Sanatorio de Huipulco, 1932, Fondo Aerofotográfico Oblicuas, FAO_01_000369, -Acervo Histórico Fundación ICA. 
-Centro Médico Nacional del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social y Centro Nacional de Investigación Documental en Salud (CENAIDS), 1967,Fondo Aerofotográfico Oblicuas, FAO_01_019400, -Acervo Histórico Fundación ICA. -Hospital de Jesús, 1937,Fondo Aerofotográfico Oblicuas, FAO_01_001384, Acervo Histórico Fundación ICA. 
-Hospital de La Raza del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS), 1968, Fondo Aerofotográfico Oblicuas, FAO_01_019603, Acervo Histórico Fundación ICA.
http://198.199.101.186/fototeca?id=36#:~:text=El%20Fondo%20Cinematogr%C3%A1fico%20registra%20las,e 
 

Centro de Documentación e Investigación Judío de México A.C.: Campaña de donación para la Cruz Roja. Archivo Histórico CDIJUM, Fototeca, Consejo Mexicano de Mujeres Israelitas, Beneficencia, Cruz Roja, 1950, caja 6, expediente 3, ítem 37. 
 Diploma de la Cruz Roja otorgado al Comité Mexicano de Mujeres Israelitas, 1984. Archivo Histórico CDIJUM, Fototeca, Fondo CMMI, Sección Beneficencia, Serie Cruz Roja. 
Medalla otorgada por la Cruz Roja a la señora Weinstock, s.f. Archivo Histórico CDIJUM, Fototeca, Fondo CMMI, Sección Beneficencia, Serie Cruz Roja. 
https://cdijum.mx/ 


Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes y Literatura: Edificio de la Secretaría de Salubridad y Asistencia Fotógrafo: Guillermo Kahlo Fecha: 15 de marzo de 1928 Archivo: DACPAI – INBAL.
https://inba.gob.mx/ 


Centro Nacional para la Preservación del Patrimonio Cultural Ferrocarrilero: Médico y paciente en uno de los consultorios del hospital de FNM en San Luis Potosí, ca. 1950. Fondo FNM, Sección Revista Ferronales. Secretaría de Cultura, CNPPCF, Cedif.
https://museoferrocarrilesmexicanos.gob.mx/contacto 


Archivo Histórico CONAGUA: Fondo Comisión del Papaloapan, Caja 127, Expediente 1771, Legajo 1, Foja 76. https://www.gob.mx/conagua/acciones-y-programas/archivo-historico-y-biblioteca-central-del-agua-149838

Archivo de la Comisión de Estudios Históricos. Escuela Médico Militar: Fondo: Escuela Médico Militar, Colección: fotográfica. 
Servicio Postal Mexicano - Museo Postal y Filatélico 
https://sic.cultura.gob.mx/ficha.php?table=museo&table_id=689 

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The story featured may in some cases have been created by an independent third party and may not always represent the views of the institutions, listed below, who have supplied the content.
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