1920 years [IV]: Portugal in the Olympic Games

Part 4: The first participations, the first Portuguese athletes in the Olympics and other Philateral Curiosities

Olympic Day Race (1990)National Sports Museum - IPDJ

The debut of Portugal

Portugal debuted at the Stockholm Games (1912), with three modalities: Athletics: António Stromp, Armando Courtyard, Francisco Lázaro. Fencing: Fernando Correia. Fight: António Pereira, Joaquim Vital.

Postal illustrated official poster of the 1920 Antwerp Olympic Games (s/d)National Sports Museum - IPDJ

VII Olympiad: 1920

The Berlin Games (1916), were canceled, returning Portugal to participate in the Antwerp (1920). In these, Portugal would only be present in two modalities (fencing and shot) which illustrates the poor performance of organization of Portuguese sport.

The Portuguese fencing team at the 1920 Olympic Games in Sporting newspaper, 7 (1921)National Sports Museum - IPDJ

The Fencing team: António Mascarenhas Menezes, Fernando Correia, Frederico Paredes, Henrique da Silveira, João Sassetti, Jorge Paiva, Manuel Queiroz, Rui Mayer.

Photography of the Portuguese Olympics Shooting Team (1920)National Sports Museum - IPDJ

The Shooting team: António Andréa Ferreira, António da Silva Martins, António dos Santos, Dario Cannas, Francisco Félix Bermudez, Hermínio Rebelo.

Credential Document Credential on Bi-Weekly Paper of Physical Education Advertising «The Sports», 1920-07-29, From the collection of: National Sports Museum - IPDJ
Show lessRead more

The credential is signed by the main editor, declaring: «Mr. Constantine Mouton Osório, a bearer of this, is one of the corresponding sportives in the Olympics in Anvers, from the Portuguese newspaper "Os Sports". Lisbon, July 29, 1920».

Photography of the entrance of the Portuguese entourage at the Paris Olympic Games (1924)National Sports Museum - IPDJ

The situation would change a little in the Olympics of Paris (1924), with a national delegation composed of 25 athletes, divided by eight modalities.

Vignette Olympic Games Paris 1924 (1924)National Sports Museum - IPDJ

The eight modalities with which Portugal participated were Athletics, Fencing, Weightlifting, Equestion, Swimming, Tennis, Shooting and Sailing.

António da Silva Martins on the cover of Foto-Sport magazine n.3 (1924-04-15)National Sports Museum - IPDJ

Despite having the best shooters in shooting mode ...

Postal Illustrated Official Poster of the Paris 1924 Olympic Games (s/d)National Sports Museum - IPDJ

Shooting team: António Andréa Ferreira, António da Silva Martins, António Montez, Dario Cannas, Francisco Real, Francisco Félix Bermudez, Francisco Paulo Mendonça, Manuel da Silva Guerra.

Photography of the delivery of the 1st Olympic Medal to Portugal, in the riding mode (1924)National Sports Museum - IPDJ

... Portugal would for the first time a medal (bronze) in the Riding mode, in the specialty of heels of obstacles per teams.

The Portuguese equestrian team of 1924 in Stadium magazine, 1945-11-21, From the collection of: National Sports Museum - IPDJ
Show lessRead more
The Portuguese fencing team in the photo-Sport magazine, 1921-05-06, From the collection of: National Sports Museum - IPDJ
Show lessRead more

Postal Olympic Games Paris 1924 / Fight (1924)National Sports Museum - IPDJ

The Athletics team: António da Silva Martins, Gentil dos Santos, Karel Pott

António Pereira on the cover of Football magazine (1920-06-03)National Sports Museum - IPDJ

There was only one Portuguese representative in each of the following modalities: in Weightlifting: António Pereira (in weights and alteres); In Swimming: Mário da Silva Marques; In Tennis: Rodrigo Castro Pereira; In Sailing: Frederico Burnay

Postal Illustrated Poster of the Amsterdam Olympic Games 1928 (s/d)National Sports Museum - IPDJ

At Amsterdam Games (1928),

still in this decade, Portugal would participate with 31 athletes.

Athletics: Henrique Santos, José Palhares da Costa, José Silver de Lima. Fencing: Frederico Paredes, Henrique da Silveira, Jorge Paiva, Mário de Noronha, Paulo d'Eça Leal, Sebastião Freitas Branco Heredia. Football: António Fernandes Roquet, Armando Martins, Augusto Silva, Carlos Alves, César de Matos, João dos Santos, Jorge Vieira, José Manuel Martins, José Manuel Soares, Raul Figueiredo, Valdemar Mota, Vítor Silva.

Medal Ixe Olympiade Amsterdam 1928, 1928, From the collection of: National Sports Museum - IPDJ
Medal Ixe Olympiade Amsterdam 1928 (verse), 1928, From the collection of: National Sports Museum - IPDJ
Show lessRead more

Weightlifting: António Pereira. Horse riding: Hélder de Sousa Martins, José Mouzinho de Albuquerque, Luís Ivens Ferraz. Fight: Benjamim Araújo. Modern Pentatlo: Sebastião Freitas White Herdia. Sailing: António Guedes de Hédio, Carlos Eduardo Bleck, Ernesto Mendonça, João Penha Lopes.

Postal Illustrated Chile -Portuguese Football Game - Entrance of the Portuguese (Olympic Games 1928) (1928)National Sports Museum - IPDJ

The national soccer selection reached the end rooms

The Game Portugal-Chile was the inaugural game of the Olympic Football Tournament, at the Olympic Stadium of Amsterdam, on May 27, 1928. Portugal won Chile by 4-2, with goals from Vitor Silva, Pepe (two) and Valdemar Mota.

Seal of 15 cents of the Olympic Games Amsterdam 1928 (1928)National Sports Museum - IPDJ

Philatelic and Olympic Curiosities ...

on the participation of Portugal in the 1928 edition: the Portuguese Olympic Committee obtained the support of the post office to issue a stamp to finance the participation of a national delegation in the games.

In the so-called "Olympic days" from May 22 to 24, all correspondence was a franchise with an additional postage stamp of 15 cents. Its failure implied the fine folded in the form of a seal of 30 centavos.

It was issued 1,800,000 seals, which rendered 90 contos of reis and allowed the sending of 29 men to Amsterdam. The drawing is from Roque Gameiro and is the first seal of Olympic theme by a non-organizing country of the games.

Seal VII Olympiad Anvers - Antwerpen 1920, 1920, From the collection of: National Sports Museum - IPDJ
Show lessRead more

Stamp of a series of 3 emitted by the Belgian post office commemoratively of the 1920s Olympic Games. A part of the revenue (5c) went to the disabled of the war of 1914-18, as indicated in the lower frieze 'pour les mutiles / Verminkten Voor'. The seal represents a quadrigation, car pulled by four horses and driven by the goddess Victoria or Niké, in allegory to the Greek and Roman antiquity games.

Series of seals from IX olmpíada Amsterdam 1928 (1928) by F. Mees e L. WenckebachNational Sports Museum - IPDJ

A series of 8 seals was issued by the Dutch post office at the request of the National Olympic Committee. The stamps were sold for a price above their facial value, which yielded 50,000 florins that revert to the committee.

It was the first Olympic seals to represent modern sports modalities.

Illustrated postcard (s/d (ca.1920-1930?))National Sports Museum - IPDJ

Keep visiting

You have finished the visit to the 4th part of the exposure dedicated to the 1920s. Follow to the next.

Part 1: History and Physical Education
Part 2: Sports Journals
Part 3: Associativism
Part 5: Aviation

Credits: Story

Exhibition «Years 1920 - Part 4: Portugal in the Olympic Games»
Original Version - 2022
Curatoria and Contents: National Sports Museum

Note: The exhibition was developed based on the selection of museum's estate

Credits: All media
The story featured may in some cases have been created by an independent third party and may not always represent the views of the institutions, listed below, who have supplied the content.
Explore more
Related theme
Wonders of Portugal
By train or by coach, discover Portugal's wonders and hidden gems
View theme
Google apps