5 Facts About How Bagerhat Was Built

What created this 600 year old city


West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand and Bangladesh (1776) by James RennellKalakriti Archives

1) Almost 600 years ago, the city of Khalifatabad arose from Sundarbans’ edge, a triumph of social will and religious piety.   

Walkway Towards the 60 Dome Mosque in Bagerhat (2019-05) by CyArkCyArk

Today, the remains of the medieval city, known as the “Old City of Bagerhat,” stand as a silent observer to the race between the human ingenuity that has allowed people to thrive in this forbidding climate and the accelerating pace of global climate change.    

2) Bagerhat went through a period of abandonment

Despite a period of abandonment in the late early modern period, today the Old Mosque City is again recognized as one of the most important religious sites in Bangladesh.   

Bagerhat mosque before prayerCyArk

3) History links to the Muslim conquest of south east Asia

The site sits in southwestern Bangladesh in the historical region known as Bengal, home today to the world's second-largest ethnic Muslim population. Its history is inextricably linked to the Muslim conquest of south east Asia.    

Pond bank in BagerhatCyArk

4) It was targeted during the medieval period

Throughout the medieval period, successive regional sultanates targeted the fertile Ganges Delta, bringing in Persianized Turks and other immigrants spurring growth and spreading Islam in equal measure.      

Shait Gombuj Masjid in BagerhatCyArk

5) Its infrastructures have survived eras

The quality of the infrastructures – the supply and evacuation of water, the cisterns and reservoirs, the roads and bridges – all reveal a perfect mastery of the techniques of planning and a will towards spatial organization. 

Discover more

Discover how CyArk uses 3D documentation to empower local experts.

Find out more about ICOMOS' efforts to increase engagement of cultural heritage in climate action here.

Credits: Story

Andrew Potts, ICOMOS Working Group on Cultural Heritage and Climate Change.

This project was made possible through a collaboration between the Department of Archaeology, Ministry of Cultural Affairs, Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh.     

Credits: All media
The story featured may in some cases have been created by an independent third party and may not always represent the views of the institutions, listed below, who have supplied the content.
Explore more
Related theme
Heritage on the Edge
Discover how people around the world are using technology to protect their cultural sites against climate change
View theme
Google apps