Ajman Fort (1775) by Sheikh Rashid bin HumaidThe National Library and Archives of the United Arab Emirates

The exact Fort establishment year is unknown

It is likely that the year of build was 1775 AD. It is a huge historical building, and Sheikh Rashid bin Humaid I was the first to restore and engineer it. Then, it remained a center for the ruling family and a palace for the government at the same time.

Ajman Fort (1775) by Sheikh Rashid bin HumaidThe National Library and Archives of the United Arab Emirates

Eleven rulers went through this fort: the first was Sheikh Rashid bin Humaid, and the last was the late Sheikh Rashid bin Humaid bin Abdul Aziz Al Nuaimi, who ruled the Emirate of Ajman in the period between 1928-1981 AD.

Ajman Fort (1775) by Sheikh Rashid bin HumaidThe National Library and Archives of the United Arab Emirates

The buildings of the fort have increased in the past two hundred years to match the urban development of the emirate. So, one of its rooms during the reign of the late Sheikh Rashid bin Humaid bin Abdulaziz Al Nuaimi was used to teach the sons of the ruling family and some of those close to them.

Ajman Fort (1775) by Sheikh Rashid bin HumaidThe National Library and Archives of the United Arab Emirates

It is 2500 square meters

Consists of two large round towers, one square tower and many rooms.

Ajman Fort (1775) by Sheikh Rashid bin HumaidThe National Library and Archives of the United Arab Emirates



They used coral extracted from the sea, burnt lime, palm tree leaves, and local and imported wood, which is characterized by exquisite geometric patterns for the fort construction.

Ajman Fort (1775) by Sheikh Rashid bin HumaidThe National Library and Archives of the United Arab Emirates

His Highness Sheikh Humaid bin Rashid Al Nuaimi

After assumed power in 1981 AD, he paid special attention to the fort due to its historical importance and the preservation of the relics of ancestors and their glories. Thus, he transformed it into a museum.

Ajman Fort (1775) by Sheikh Rashid bin HumaidThe National Library and Archives of the United Arab Emirates

The aim is to take visitors on a journey through history to the lives of our ancestors and their traditions, the way they lived, how their daily life evolved, and their achievements over time, as well as for our children to learn about their ancient civilization and their  authentic heritage.

Ajman Fort (1775) by Sheikh Rashid bin HumaidThe National Library and Archives of the United Arab Emirates

The restoration of the fort took three years and was supervised by a group of experts. Then, Ajman Museum was opened in 1991.

Ajman Fort (1775) by Sheikh Rashid bin HumaidThe National Library and Archives of the United Arab Emirates

Mr. Raymond O'Shea visited the fort

After World War II, the British Aviation Agent in Sharjah, Mr. Raymond O'Shea, visited the fort at the kind invitation of the Sheikh of Ajman, and described it in a long article in his book (Kings of the Sands).

He said: "The palace is a great edifice that attracts the eye and is one of the most beautiful castles in Ajman. Its sides are supported by tall towers similar to the towers of the Crusader castles built on the wall of Acre in Palestine.

Ajman Fort (1775) by Sheikh Rashid bin HumaidThe National Library and Archives of the United Arab Emirates

Obviously, the architecture of the palace was influenced by the Portuguese architecture that prevailed in the seventeenth century due to the turbulent war vibes that prevailed in the desert throughout that period.

Ajman Fort, Sheikh Rashid bin Humaid, 1775, From the collection of: The National Library and Archives of the United Arab Emirates
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Ajman Fort, Sheikh Rashid bin Humaid, 1775, From the collection of: The National Library and Archives of the United Arab Emirates
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Ajman Fort, Sheikh Rashid bin Humaid, 1775, From the collection of: The National Library and Archives of the United Arab Emirates
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