Music and dance in Haiti has many legendary artists and their influences have been recognized in musical circles throughout the Caribbean, Latin America and the U.S. One such Haitian musical icon is Issa El Saieh. Born in Haiti, Maestro Issa assembled the Big Band sound, and infused it with traditional Haitian rhythm and instruments as well as spurring the careers of many legendary artists. He studied music in the US, first playing the clarinet, and then the alto saxophone. Following his time in the US, Issa moved back to Haiti, where he created his orchestra, dubbed "Issa El Saieh Et Son Orchestre" (Issa El Saieh and his orchestra). This is where the story begins.....
Sounds and Influencers II
Emerante des Pradines, also a folklorist, often sang vodou songs in Creole on the radio. Pradines was an early Haitian female compositor, dancer and singer, beginning her career in the early 40s as a featured singer & dancer in Washington, DC.
Throughout the 50s & 60s, Emerante des Pradines became the first Haitian singer to sign a recording contract with a record company and held a regular concert series at the Rex Theater in Port-au-Prince. Emerante des Pradines is the daughter of Candjo Pradines who wrote a song called "Erzulie" after viewing a vodou ceremony where he discovered in their words "the real culture of Haiti".
According to Raoul Guillaume, saxophonist and Issa El Saieh orchestra member, there are three distinct styles of Meringue:
Group A - Instrumental meringue, which is close to a slower Cuban style that has since disappeared.
Group B - Meringue Gaie, slower than Carnaval Meringue and good for dancing
Group C - A style primarily associated with Carnaval Meringue and spinoffs which include Compas and Racine music.
Haiti and Latin Jazz
Latin Jazz was heavily influenced by Haitian musicians and vice versa. Musicians Frantz Casseus and Martha Jean Claude collaborated with Cuban artists such as Celia Cruz and Bebo Valdés, as well as Puerto Rican artists such as Daniel Santos, and Lolita Cuevas.
Maestro Issa - Carribean Influence I (2009) by Frantz Voltaire CIDIHCAHaiti Film Institute
Caribbean Influence I
Downtown Port-au-Prince was a bustling epi center for artists to play in local hot spots. In particular, Haitian and Cuban musicians were very familiar with each other since they often traveled, played together and each had a love for music.
Celia Cruz was influenced by traditional Haitian music and culture, brought to Cuba by the slaves and migrant Haitian farmers. Martha Jean Claude, a Haitian-born singer and activist exiled to Cuba in 1952, was admired in Hispanic communities for her talent and musical stylings. Martha Jean Claude often incorporated Haitian folklore and voodoo lyrics into her performances.
Cultural exchange between Haiti and Cuba have existed for many decades.
Caribbean Influence III
Haitian and Cuban musical stylings were exchanged heavily in the mid-20th century and beyond as Herby Widmaer remembers from his early childhood. A product of this exchange is a Haitian traditional style of music called Troubadour or Twoubadou. Troubadour style is close to Cuban style bolero and originates from a combination of Méringue and Cuban traditions.
Haitian influenced rhythms, songs, lyrics, messages, melodies, and choreographies each told their own story to those who chose to listen.
Indigenous Dance (2017) by Haiti National Bureau of EthnologyHaiti Film Institute
Caribbean Dance Influence
Shared African heritage closely link Haitian and Cuban culture. It is most expressed in traditional dance and musical styles.
Caribbean Dance Influence
In Cuba, Haiti's dance and musical influence since the 1800's remains evident in styles such as Tumba Francesa, Contradanza, Danzon and Troubadour.
Several jazz artists from the US including musicians of the Harlem Renaissance played and co-composed with Maestro Issa's Orchestra. The Haitian musicians were also influenced by this cross cultural exposure.
The cross cultural influences, collaboration and celebration of music continues with the annual Port-au-Prince Jazz Festival (PAP Jazz) under the Kreyol sky.