Can You Name These 20th Century Art Movements?

Test your knowledge of the great artistic shifts of the last century with this interactive quiz

By Google Arts & Culture

Art is constantly evolving. Works and ideas change to reflect and inform the world around us. Sometimes these ideas can be grouped together into a wider movement, with several key artists working with shared ideals and stylistic motivation.    

In the 20th century, the evolution of art picked up the pace, responding to improved communication and the greater availability of visual art. How much do you know about these artistic movements? Scroll on for the clues, see if you can guess, then scroll again for the answers...

Portrait of Madame Matisse. The Green Line (1905) by Henri MatisseSMK - Statens Museum for Kunst

Question 1

This was one of the earliest major European artistic movements of the century, expressionistic and very colorful! The name was coined at a 1905 Paris exhibition, coming from the French for ‘wild beasts’.

Notre-Dame, une fin d'après-midi (A Glimpse of Notre Dame in the Late Afternoon) (1902) by Henri MatisseAlbright-Knox Art Gallery

Gone were the soft palettes of the Impressionists, replaced by bold and almost violent statements, flat shapes, and distorted images. Henry Matisse and Georges Rouault were at the centre of the movement. Can you guess? Scroll down for the answer...

Christ and the Children by Georrges RouaultKiyoharu art colony

Answer: Fauvism

Vampire (1895) by Edvard MunchThe Munch Museum, Oslo

Question 2

Inspired by the likes of Van Gogh, this turn-of-the-century movement sought to express emotion and the artist's inner feelings rather representing the world. This was a watershed moment, and one that allowed the evolution of other artistic movements. 

Impression III (Concert) (1911) by Wassily KandinskyStädtische Galerie im Lenbachhaus and Kunstbau

Key artists included Edvard Munch and Wassily Kandinsky. Although it started before the 20th century began, its effects very much defined what was to come over the next century. Do you know what it was called? Scroll down to find out...

Romantic Landscape (1911) by Wassily KandinskyStädtische Galerie im Lenbachhaus and Kunstbau

Answer: Expressionism

Bust of a Man (The Athlete) (1909) by Pablo PicassoMASP - Museu de Arte de São Paulo Assis Chateaubriand

Question 3

Pioneered by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, this movement fragmented space and form. Places and people are often depicted from several different angles at the same time. 

Portrait of Pablo Picasso (January-February 1912) by Juan Gris (Spanish, 1887–1927)The Art Institute of Chicago

Other works focused on collage. These ideas came as a massive shock to the art world, redefining what beauty meant and how it could be depicted in art. Do you know the name of this movement? Scroll down to reveal...

The Viaduct at L'Estaque (1908) by Georges BraqueTel Aviv Museum of Art

Answer: Cubism

Fountain (1917 - 1964) by Marcel DuchampLa Galleria Nazionale

Question 4

The beginning of the 20th century was overshadowed by the horrors of the First World War. One movement aimed to hold a mirror up to the absurdity and futility of warfare, highlighting the absence of greater meaning and the inevitability of luck and chance in life. 

Glass Tears (1932) by Man RayOscar Niemeyer Museum

Key works included L.H.O.O.Q and the famous Fountain, both by Marcel Duchamp, and Glass Tears by Man Ray. These works and artists challenged the very meaning of art and opened the door to a whole new world of conceptual thinking. Do you know the movement? Scroll down to reveal...

Kiki in Mechanical Ballet, by Fernand Léger (1924) by Man RayOscar Niemeyer Museum

Answer: Dadaism

Orange Car Crash (5 Deaths 11 Times in Orange) (Orange Disaster) ([1963]) by Andy WarholGalleria Civica di Arte Moderna e Contemporanea Torino

Question 5

Beginning in the 1950s, this movement responded to the explosion of mass media and advertising. Mass consumption and new media exposed people to an onslaught of images and the artists in this movement wanted to investigate the effects of these changes.

Live Ammo (Ha! Ha! Ha!) (1962/1962) by Roy LichtensteinChrysler Museum of Art

The works were characterised by bold, block colours, hard edges, and cartoonish or comic book representations of reality. Key artists include Andy Warhol and Roy Lichtenstein. Have you guessed it? Scroll on to find out if you're correct...

Better Living Through Windows (2013) by Douglas CouplandVancouver Art Gallery

Answer: Pop Art

How many did you get right? If you're in the mood to discover more about how art has changed through history, use the Google Arts & Culture interactive timeline to Explore By Time

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