By Museums of Serbia
Ministry of Culture and Media of the Republic of Serbia
Permanent exhibit “Vrbas”, Gallery View Art History 2 (2016-05-13) by Photo by Vesna GrgurovicMuseums of Serbia
Museum’s task is to collect, record, preserve and present cultural heritage of municipality of Vrbas as well as promoting it through educational and entertaining activities. Basic direction of future activities of the museum is to become a leading institution in preservation and presentation of cultural heritage of Vrbas, as well as a recognised and favourite destination for locals and tourists alike.
Permanent exhibit “Vrbas”, Gallery View Archaeology 1 (2018-11-15) by Photo by Vesna GrgurovicMuseums of Serbia
As a complex type museum it houses collections of archaeology, history, ethnology and history of art. Artefacts attributed to the Archaeology Collection are registered in with both Museum of Vojvodina and Town museum, due to the fact that excavations were conducted by Museum of Vojvodina first and only in recent years by Town museum.
Permanent exhibit “Vrbas”, Gallery View Archaeology 3 (2016-06-03) by Photo by Vesna GrgurovicMuseums of Serbia
Excavated archaeological material comes from various archaeological sites found in municipality of Vrbas which cover various periods of history: „Čarnok“ (from Copper age to Late Iron Age), „Kaseta 5“ (from Bronze Age to Late Iron Age), „Ciglana Polet“ ( Early Middle Ages), „Šuvakov salaš – Klisa“ (from Neolith to Late Middle Ages). Town museum’s History Collection covers the period from the emergence of Old Vrbas till mid- 20th century.
Permanent exhibit “Vrbas”, Gallery View Archaeology 2 (2016-05-13) by Photo by Vesna GrgurovicMuseums of Serbia
The oldest artefacts come from the period of German colonization’s and founding of New Vrbas in 1784. A special place in the Collection also have items donated by Volunteer Fire department, the collections of personal items of Ilija Milovančev, Flora Schiffler, Eva Šari Tepavčević, Nada Milovančev Radan, Peter Eisenlöffel, Joszef Pechan, as well as artefacts displayed in Partisan’s Base „Center“ and furniture from Old Sugar factory.
History Collection is divided into Collection of Modern history (covering the period from Middle Ages till the beginning of the Second World War) and Collection of Contemporary history (covering the period since the Second World War).
Firefighter’s Helmet (1904) by Photo by Miodrag PetkovićMuseums of Serbia
THE COLLECTION OF MODERN HISTORY
The Collection’s focus is on the development of Vrbas through time: from its emergence at the location of today’s Old Vrbas, throughout German colonization’s and founding of New Vrbas, until the beginning of the Second World War. The artefacts displayed at the permanent exhibition relate to migrations, religion, education, crafts and industrialization as well as the bourgeoisie lifestyle during the Interwar period.
Theme of the permanent exhibit of the Town museum is Human and Nature and their coexistence in Harmony. Focus is on river Crna Bara, recognized by ancient human to possess an ideal living conditions which resulted in a formation of a settlement from early on. Today, millenniums later, river has merged with the Great Canal of Bačka, whose pollution speaks loud about the loss of harmony between Human and Nature. In his desire to subdue and use nature, human has stopped living with Nature in Harmony. Theme is trying to intrigue and force us to think about our role in preservation of natural as well as cultural heritage, and necessity of contributing individually to preservation and advancement of all we inherited.
Military Winter Boot (19th century) by Unknown and Photo by Boris BilenjskiMuseums of Serbia
The permanent exhibit takes visitors through eight millennium long journey. This long period, during which various peoples populated and migrated thought this region, is presented by artefacts from Collections of Archaeology and History.
Box Camera (The early 20th century) by Photo by Boris BilenjskiMuseums of Serbia
The goal of the exhibit is to transfer hidden messages of cultural heritage into people’s lives and in doing so make them aware of the values that exhibited artefacts carry within, linked together by multi ethnicity, multicultural and multi confessional values amongst others.
Harmonium (The first half of the 20th century) by Photo by Boris BilenjskiMuseums of Serbia
The goal was to bring to life and depict an image of Vrbas and his surrounding area or rather to depict man’s life and his achievements from first Neolithic communities until the arrival of the Ottomans – from 4th millennium BC, through 16th century AD till today. The permanent exhibit is based on scientific research and interdisciplinary approach as well as interpretation and analyses of accumulated archaeological and historical artefacts.
Archaeology part of the permanent exhibit follows development of Vrbas area since the emergence of the first Neolithic agricultural communities till Late Medieval Period. Displayed artefacts come from several archaeological sites: “Šuvakov salaš – Klisa”, “Čarnok”, “PIK Klanica” and “Ciglana Polet”. History part of the permanent exhibit follows development of Vrbas since its establishment at the site of today’s Old Vrbas, trough German colonization’s and emergence of New Vrbas, until the beginning of the Second World War and their consequent convergence into a single settlement.
THE ETHNOLOGY COLLECTION
The Ethnology Collection preserves artefacts from the various peoples inhabiting the municipality of Vrbas. Collected objects have been dated from the beginning of the 18th century to the mid 20th century. The primary focus has been on collecting items relating to textile production as well as agriculture tools and everyday household practical and decorative objects that are no longer in use today.
Spinning Wheel with Distaff (The early 20th century) by Photo by Boris BilenjskiMuseums of Serbia
Part of The Ethnology Collection is exhibited at Ethno Corner. Used for both exhibitions and workshops, Ethno Corner serves to promote old crafts, particularly weaving.
Ethno Corner, Gallery for Exhibits and Workshops, View 2 (2016-05-13) by Photo by Milenko RadovanovMuseums of Serbia
The displayed artefacts demonstrate the whole process of textile production, from processing raw materials to the creation of the final product. Ethnology Collection consists of items once used in production of textiles, everyday rural household items and agricultural tools.
Permanent exhibit “Vrbas”, Gallery View Art History 3 (2016-05-13) by Photo by Vesna GrgurovicMuseums of Serbia
THE ART COLLECTION
The Art Collection is dedicated to the preservation of the paintings and personal items that belonged to Joszef Pechan - a versatile and remarkable eccentric artist who left a mark on town’s history at the turn of the 20th century.
Self - Portrait with the palette (1918) by Jozsef Pechan and Photo by Miklos HeverMuseums of Serbia
Part of the Collection is on a permanent display, at the exhibition called “Joszef Pechan - at the turn of the century”.
Portrait of Wilhelm (1920) by Jozsef Pechan and Photo by Miklos HeverMuseums of Serbia
There are about twenty five oil paintings and drawings presented, alongside a single sculpture made by the artist as well as various photographs and personal items.
Bazaar in Sarajevo (1913) by Jozsef Pechan and Photo by Miklos HeverMuseums of Serbia
The artworks presented can be divided into three phases: classicism (self - portraits and portraits), neoimpresionalism (nudes) and the Sarajevo phase, at the down of the First World War.
Permanent exhibit “Vrbas”, Gallery View Art History 1 (2016-05-13) by Photo by Vesna GrgurovicMuseums of Serbia
Basis of History of Art Collection consists of artworks of Joszef Pechan and his son Engelbert Bela Pechan, Ferec Medješi, and alongside them the artworks of contemporary local artists who continuously complement the Collection.
Town museum is housed in two buildings. Main building is situated right at the heart of the town, at 88 Maršal Tito Street. Here visitors can see the permanent exhibitions „Vrbas - Human and Nature, harmony of coexistence“, „Joszef Pechan – at the turn of the century“ and „Ethno Corner“.
The second building is a Second World War Partisan Base „Center“, a dépendance of the Town museum, situated at 126 Milivoj Čobanski Street. Base „Center“ is also housing a permanent exhibition called „Vrbas during the People’s Liberation War“. The building is protected as a place of significance by Law defining it as a cultural good of great importance.
Ministry of Culture and Media of the Republic of Serbia
Town museum Vrbas
The narration was provided by: Archeology - Vesna Grgurović, senior curator archaeologist, manager, Older history - Pavle B. Orbović, senior curator and historian, Ethnology - Dušanka Marković Museum Advisor Ethnologist, Museum of the City of Novi Sad, Fine arts - Silvija Vulanović, academic painter, Vrbas, About the museum and museum space - Vesna Grgurović, senior curator archaeologist, manager.